Jesus’ Final Week: TUESDAY
Jesus Final Week: TUESDAY
The Authority of Jesus Questioned (Matt. 21:23-27; Mark 11:27-33; Luke 20:1-8)
“On one of the days while He was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes with the elders confronted Him, 2 and they spoke, saying to Him, “Tell us by what authority You are doing these things, or who is the one who gave You this authority?” (Luke 20:1-2 NASB)
This was just one of those instances where Jewish religious leaders wanted to trap Jesus hoping to find fault in his words so they can establish a case against him. Jesus did not answer the question directly. Instead, he tossed the question back to the Jewish religious leaders putting them in a dilemma. Jesus’ question concerns the authority of John the Baptist. “I will also ask you a question, and you tell Me: Was the baptism of John from heaven or from men?” (Luke 20:3 NASB)
If they gave him a correct answer to his question, they would have the answer to their own question. If they acknowledged that John was sent by God, they will be blamed for not believing in him. If they denied that John was sent by God, the people will get mad at them. So they answered that they did not know where it came from. As a result they cannot force Jesus to answer their question. They failed again!
Jesus teaches in the Temple (Matt. 21:28-23:39; Mark 12:1-44; Luke 20:9-21:4)
The conflict between Jesus and the Jewish religious leaders was heating up at this point to the extent they plotted to kill him. Jesus taught a series of lessons as a response to the questions of the religious leaders. He told a parable of the vineyard which pictured Israel as a vineyard and is about to be given out to others (Luke 20:9-18).
Another trap is set before Jesus by two groups who were willing to join forces to find fault in Jesus – the Herodians and the Pharisees. They asked him concerning paying taxes probably, to test his allegiance to the Jews or to Rome. Jesus replied that duty to God and duty to civil authorities are not in opposition. People owe to each a debt for the services and benefits they receive. They should give to civil authorities that which is due to them, and give to God all that they owe him. (Bridgeway)
The next group who tried to trap Jesus was the Sadducees who do not believe in the resurrection (Luke 20:27-40). The question put by the Sadducees was about resurrection using a dubious situation, who would be a widow’s husband in heaven if she had seven husbands when she was alive. It was intended to make fun of Jesus since Sadducees do not believe in life after death.
Jesus replied that their question is of no meaning since the laws only applied to those who are still living. Life after death is not a continuation of the life lived on earth. To prove that the resurrection is true, Jesus gave an example concerning God’s relationship with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob long after they are dead as recorded in the Scripture that is being read by the Sadducees.
The question put by Jesus’ opponents were non-sense so Jesus put to them what was really important – their concept of the Messiah. He used the Messianic Psalm (Psalm 110) to show that David recognized and even gave homage to the Messiah. The Messiah was from David’s lineage however, He is not just human but a divine person as well (Luke 20:41-44).
This section ends with Jesus exposing once more the attitude of the Pharisees and the Scribes (Luke 20:45-47). Instead of easing the people’s burdens, they imposed laws and ‘dogmas’ that made people’s lives more burdensome. And worse is, since they don’t believe in Jesus, they prevent people from believing as well.
Jesus Anointed, Bethany (Matt. 26:6-13; Mark 14:3-9; John 12:2-11)
Jesus returned to the house of Mary, Martha and Lazarus. Mary sensing that it could probably be the last time they would be with Jesus, washed his feet with expensive perfume and wiping them with her hair.
Judas reacted but Jesus replied saying, “Let her alone, so that she may keep it for the day of My burial. For you always have the poor with you, but you do not always have Me.” (John 12:7-8 NASB).
The Jewish religious leaders were aware that the raising of Lazarus attracted many followers so they became more determine to kill Jesus (John 12:9-11)
These events showed that the conflict between Jesus and the religious leaders was heating up and would eventually lead to his passion and death.
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