July 7, 1892, the Deportation of Dr. Jose Rizal to Dapitan was Made Public; the Katipunan was Founded.
A few days after the establishment of the Liga Filipina, Rizal was arrested and detained at Fort Santiago. On July 7, 1892, Gov. Eulogio Despujol announced his immediate deportation to Dapitan, through a decree published in the Gaceta, to the remote town in Zamboanga.
Rizal lived in exile in far-away Dapitan from 1892 to 1896. Under the missionary jurisdiction of the Jesuits, he practiced medicine, pursued scientific studies, continued his artistic and literary works, widened his knowledge of languages, established a school for boys, promoted community development projects, invented a wooden machine for making bricks, and engaged in farming and commerce.
That same day, at the house of Deodato Arellano at 72 Azcarraga Street, Andres Bonifacio, a Liga Filipina member, a progressive organization founded by Rizal, gathered together Teodoro Plata, Valentin Diaz, Ladislao Diwa, Jose Dizon and Arellano himself. The men assembled came to the agreement that a revolutionary secret society must be founded, an underground association, and thus the Kataastaasang Kagalang-Kagalang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan was born.Katipunan, whose main goal was to attain not mere reforms but the country’s separation from Spain – national independence.
The Katipunan, had three principal aims: political, moral and civic. The political aim was to fight for the independence of the Philippines from Spain. The moral aim was to teach Filipinos right conduct, cleanliness, and to fight against blind obedience to religion and to overcome weakness of character. The civic aim was to help one’s self and to defend the poor and the oppressed.
During the next four years, the organization recruited members from various parts of Manila and nearby provinces. Its discovery in August 1896 eventually led to the outbreak of the Philippine Revolution.