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Message of the Day: The Sermon on the Mount – A Call to Moral and Ethical Living

Text: Matthew 5:1-12

1And seeing the multitudes, He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him.

Then He opened His mouth and taught them, saying:

3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit,
For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
4 Blessed are those who mourn,
For they shall be comforted.
5 Blessed are the meek,
For they shall inherit the earth.
6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness,
For they shall be filled.
7 Blessed are the merciful,
For they shall obtain mercy.
8 Blessed are the pure in heart,
For they shall see God.
9 Blessed are the peacemakers,
For they shall be called sons of God.
10 Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake,
For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

11 Blessed are you when they revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of evil against you falsely for My sake. 12 Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

Image courtesy of http://www.heartlight.org

Key Verses: Matthew 5:3-12

The Sermon on the Mount is the first of five great discourses in Matthew (Chaps. 5-7; 10; 13; 18; 24-25). It contains three types of material: (1) beatitudes (declarations of blessedness (5:1-12), (2) ethical admonitions (5:13-20; 6:1-7:23) and (3) contrasts between Jesus’ ethical teaching and Jewish legalistic traditions (5:21-48). The sermon ends with a short parable stressing the importance of practicing what has just been taught (7:24-27) and an expression of amazement by the crowds at the authority with which Jesus spoke (7:28-29).

The Beatitudes are declaration of blessedness. The word “blessed” means more than “happy/happiest” because happiness is an emotion often dependent on outward circumstances. “Blessed” here refers to the ultimate well-being and distinctive spiritual joy of those who share in the salvation of the kingdom of God. Gundry suggests that “blessed” means “congratulations to” which reflects God’s estimate rather then human emotion.

The Sermon on the Mount is a call to moral and ethical living. Followers of Jesus receive new life, they practice what they hear from Jesus. He expects them to adopt to a new way of living characterized by blessedness, humility and one that promotes peace (peacemakers). All these should spring from the heart – the center of ones being.

Sources:

Gundry, Robert H. A Survey of the New Testament. Third Edition. Manila, Philippines: OMF Literature, Inc., 2002.

Zondervan NASB Study Bible. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan, 1999.

MySword for Android. Riversoft Ministry, 2011-2019.

Olive Tree Bible Software, 1998-2020.

http://www.heartlight.org

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