October 23, 1944, the Philippine Commonwealth was Restored in Leyte
On October 20, 1944, Allied forces under the command of Field Marshal Douglas MacArthur landed on the shores of Leyte and began the campaign to liberate the Philippines. He was accompanied by President Osmeña, whose return formally restored the Commonwealth Government on Philippine soil.
The said restoration was made official by virtue of the Proclamation of General Douglas MacArthur to the People of the Philippines dated October 23, 1944. This proclamation states that Philippine Commonwealth government was reestablished in Tacloban, Leyte with Sergio Osmeña, Sr. as President.
Below is a copy of the Proclamation:
Proclamation of General Douglas MacArthur Commander-in-Chief of the United States Army
To the People of the Philippines
[Released on October 23, 1944]
SOUTHWEST PACIFIC AREA
OFFICE OF THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF
To the People of the Philippines:
WHEREAS, the military forces under my command have landed in Philippine soil as a prelude to the liberation of the entire territory of the Philippines; and
WHEREAS, the seat of the Government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines has been re-established in the Philippines under President Sergio Osmeña and the members of his cabinet; and
WHEREAS, under enemy duress, a so-called government styled as the “Republic of the Philippines, was established on October 14, 1943, based upon neither the free expression of the peoples’ will nor the sanction of the Government of the United States, and is purporting to exercise Executive, Judicial and Legislative powers of government over the people;
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Douglas MacArthur, General, United States Army, as Commander-in-Chief of the military forces committed to the liberation of the Philippines, do hereby proclaim and declare:
1. That the Government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines is, subject to the supreme authority of the Government of the United States, the sole and only government having legal and valid jurisdiction over the people in areas of the Philippines free of enemy occupation and control;
2. That the laws now existing on the statute books of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and the regulations promulgated pursuant thereto are in full force and effect and legally binding upon the people in areas of the Philippines free of enemy occupation and control; and
3. That all laws, regulations and processes of any other government in the Philippines than that of the said Commonwealth are null and void and without legal effect in areas of the Philippines free of enemy occupation and control; and
I do hereby announce my purpose progressively to restore and extend to the people of the Philippines the sacred right of government by constitutional process under the regularly constituted Commonwealth Government as rapidly as the several occupied areas are liberated and the military situation will otherwise permit; and
I do enjoin upon all loyal citizens of the Philippines full respect for and obedience to the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines and the laws, regulations and other acts of their duly constituted government whose seat is now firmly re-established on Philippine soil.
General, U.S. Army
October 23, 1944
Source: Presidential Museum and Libraryhttp://www.officialgazette.gov.ph