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November 23, 1898, A Commission was Formed to Heighten the Awareness of the Western World on the Capacity of the Filipinos to Govern Themselves

On November 23, 1898, a commission of 10 members, presided over by Felipe Agoncillo, was formed in a move to launch an information blitz to heighten the awareness of the Western world on the capacity of the Filipinos to govern themselves.

(Felipe Agoncillo (seated second from left) and other Filipino diplomats in Paris, 1898) (Photo Credit:

Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo likewise created diplomatic positions abroad to press for the recognition of Philippine Independence as well as to carry on its propaganda activities for the Revolutionary government. He was fully aware that the Philippine sovereignty needed foreign recognition, so he sent Felipe Agoncillo to sought audience in Washington DC but failed to win the Filipino cause.

On December 10, 1898, the United States and Spain formally concluded the Treaty of Paris, in which Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States for $20 million. This was followed by Pres. McKinley’s declaration of the Policy of Benevolent Assimilation on December 21, 1898, to prevent the adverse reaction of the Filipino people against the American occupation and rule. These developments ended the Filipino efforts to embark on a full-scale diplomatic offensive.


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