The devotion to the Black Nazarene is an expression of Folk religiosity. Most of the Filipino Catholics practice folk Catholicism. In the words of Segundo Galilea, folk religiosity “has a particular affinity with the poor because it is only in this level that people’s religiosity is consistent with their culture.” It means that through the devotion to the Black Nazarene they are able to experience solidarity with Christ or simply put, they experience Christ.
In Pedro Chirino’s account of the religion of the early Filipinos, he mentioned about the “adoration and deification of the ancestors – especially of those who distinguished themselves through valiant deeds… It was a general practice for anyone who could successfully do so to attribute divinity to his old father when the latter died.” Example of larauan is the Bulul (bul–ul) or tinagtaggu from Ifugao. It is a carved wooden image used to guard the rice crop by Ifugao and their sub-tribe Kalanguya peoples of northern Luzon. The Nazareno is a larauan because it “represents” the suffering Christ. Through the Second Council of Nicaea (787 A.D.), the Roman Catholic Church justified the inclusion of painted and carved figures in her services with these words: “Adoration is rendered to God, veneration, to the saints. Homage is paid to an image not for its sake but for the holy personages represented.”
On December 30, 1896, Dr. Jose Protacio Rizal, the greatest man of the Malayan race, was shot to death at Bagumbayan (present day Luneta or Rizal park), Manila, by a firing squad of native soldiers, on the accusation of political conspiracy and sedition, and rebellion against the Spanish government in the Philippines.
On November 30, 1863, Andres Bonifacio, the Father of the Philippine Revolution and one of the founders of the Katipunan, was born in the present day Tondo, Manila to Santiago Bonifacio and Catalina de Castro.
November 29, 1898, the Revolutionary Government of General Emilio Aguinaldo, Proclaimed the Separation of Church and State
Article 5 of the Constitution states, “The State recognizes the freedom and equality of all beliefs, as well as the separation of Church and State.”
November 24, 1972, Marcos Invited Business Leaders to a Dialogue in Malacañang to Reform the Private Sector
On November 24, 1972, President Ferdinand Marcos, invited the lords and ladies of Philippine business to the Maharlika Hall in Malacañang Palace to a dialogue to reform the private sector.
November 24, 1900, Otis Telegraphed Washington that the Claim to Government by the Filipinos can be Made no Longer
On November 24, 1900, General Otis telegraphed Washington that the claim to government by the "insurgents can be made no longer under any fiction".
November 24, 1892, the 195-kilometer Long Railway Line from Manila to Dagupan in Pangasinan was Inaugurated
In 1891 the Ferrocaril opened its first commercial line to Bagbag in Pangasinan. Barely a year after the opening of the first commercial line to Bagbag, the entire line from Manila to Dagupan is completed and put to commercial operations. The total length of the line was 195.4 kilometers. It was inaugurated on November 24, 1892. Through it, the means of travel and communications in Luzon was improved greatly.
November 23, 1898, A Commission was Formed to Heighten the Awareness of the Western World on the Capacity of the Filipinos to Govern Themselves
On November 23, 1898, a commission of 10 members, presided over by Felipe Agoncillo, was formed in a move to launch an information blitz to heighten the awareness of the […]