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Category: Society and Culture

Experiencing Christ Through The Black Nazarene

The devotion to the Black Nazarene is an expression of Folk religiosity. Most of the Filipino Catholics practice folk Catholicism. In the words of Segundo Galilea, folk religiosity “has a particular affinity with the poor because it is only in this level that people’s religiosity is consistent with their culture.” It means that through the devotion to the Black Nazarene they are able to experience solidarity with Christ or simply put, they experience Christ.

The Image of the Black Nazarene As Larauan

In Pedro Chirino’s account of the religion of the early Filipinos, he mentioned about the “adoration and deification of the ancestors – especially of those who distinguished themselves through valiant deeds… It was a general practice for anyone who could successfully do so to attribute divinity to his old father when the latter died.” Example of larauan is the Bulul (bul–ul) or tinagtaggu from Ifugao. It is a carved wooden image used to guard the rice crop by Ifugao and their sub-tribe Kalanguya peoples of northern Luzon. The Nazareno is a larauan because it “represents” the suffering Christ. Through the Second Council of Nicaea (787 A.D.), the Roman Catholic Church justified the inclusion of painted and carved figures in her services with these words: “Adoration is rendered to God, veneration, to the saints. Homage is paid to an image not for its sake but for the holy personages represented.”

December 30, 1896, Dr. Jose Rizal was Shot in Bagumbayan

On December 30, 1896, Dr. Jose Protacio Rizal, the greatest man of the Malayan race, was shot to death at Bagumbayan (present day Luneta or Rizal park), Manila, by a firing squad of native soldiers, on the accusation of political conspiracy and sedition, and rebellion against the Spanish government in the Philippines.

November 24, 1892, the 195-kilometer Long Railway Line from Manila to Dagupan in Pangasinan was Inaugurated

In 1891 the Ferrocaril opened its first commercial line to Bagbag in Pangasinan. Barely a year after the opening of the first commercial line to Bagbag, the entire line from Manila to Dagupan is completed and put to commercial operations. The total length of the line was 195.4 kilometers. It was inaugurated on November 24, 1892. Through it, the means of travel and communications in Luzon was improved greatly.